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Understanding Higher Order Impacts of Green ICT
Hankel, Albert. 2014. “Understanding Higher Order Impacts of Green ICT.” In , 385–91. Atlantis Press. https://doi.org/10.2991/ict4s-14.2014.48.
ICT is known to have three orders of impact: direct, indirect and systemic. The first is often regarded as 'part of the problem', the latter two can also be 'part of the solution' to reduce the global environmental impact of human activities. A number of studies show that the impact of ICT itself is roughly 2%, whereas smart use of ICT can reduce the...
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