Rate and Energy Efficiency Improvements for 5G-Based IoT With Simultaneous Transfer
Internet of Things (IoT) is facing the shortage of spectrum resources due to the rapid growth of IoT terminals and big data services. Fifth generation (5G) network owns sufficient spectrum resources and supplies large data volume business, which can help to expand the communication resources of the IoT by combing IoT with 5G network. In this paper, a 5G-based IoT is designed to transfer both 5G and IoT information simultaneously. Two simultaneous transfer models including time switching model and power splitting model are proposed to carry out 5G and IoT communications using different time slots and power streams, respectively. For these two models, we have formulated joint optimization problem of allocation factors and node powers to maximize the 5G transmission rate while the IoT transmission rate and the total power are constrained. An alternative optimization problem is also proposed to maximize the IoT transmission rate while guaranteeing the minimal 5G transmission rate. A joint optimization algorithm based on the Lagrange dual optimization is proposed to obtain the solution to the optimization problems. An energy efficiency model is proposed to minimize the consumed total power of the IoT while keeping the minimal 5G and IoT transmission rates. Simulation results are given to evaluate the performance of our proposed models from diverse perspectives.
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