Investigating the impact of ICT on transport-based CO2 emissions: empirical evidence from a quantile cointegration regression analysis
In the global initiative to leverage information and communication technologies (ICT) for reducing emissions, sub-Saharan Africa (SSA), a region of unique significance, has exhibited a delay in adopting ICT. This study aims to investigate the intricate relationship between ICT and carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions from transport in SSA. Employing the panel quantile autoregressive distributed lag (PQARDL) technique, the study analyzes panel data from 24 SSA nations spanning from 2000 to 2021. The results indicate that internet usage and fixed telephone subscriptions have a mitigating effect on CO2 emissions from transport across all quantiles in both the short and long run. However, mobile phone subscriptions contribute to CO2 emissions from transport across all quantiles. Additionally, the middle-income groups demonstrate negative relationships between ICT variables and emissions from transport, while the low-income group exhibits significant positive associations. These findings imply that ICT plays a pivotal role in mitigating transport-based emissions and reveal pronounced disparities in ICT adoption across various income groups within SSA, highlighting overarching underdevelopment in ICT infrastructure. Robustness checks employing a two-step system generalized method of moment (GMM) model reinforce our findings. The study provides policy recommendations, including the promotion of ICT infrastructure development, implementation of smart transportation solutions, and fostering public-private partnerships to address these challenges, shedding light on the path toward a greener and more sustainable transport ecosystem in SSA.
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