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Energy Consumption of Deep Generative Audio Models

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Preprint

Douwes, Constance, P. Esling, and J. Briot. 2021. “Energy Consumption of Deep Generative Audio Models.” arXiv. https://doi.org/10.48550/arXiv.2107.02621.

A multi-objective measure based on Pareto optimality, which takes into account both the quality of the model and its energy consumption is suggested, which can be widely used by the community to evaluate their work, putting computational cost in the spotlight of deep learning research. In most scientific domains, the deep learning community has largely focused on the quality of deep generative models, resulting in highly accurate and successful solutions. However, this race for quality comes at a tremendous computational cost, which incurs vast energy consumption and greenhouse gas emissions. At the heart of this problem are the measures that we use as a scientific community to evaluate our work. In this paper, we suggest relying on a multi-objective measure based on Pareto optimality, which takes into account both the quality of the model and its energy consumption. By applying our measure on the current state-of-the-art in generative audio models, we show that it can drastically change the significance of the results. We believe that this type of metric can be widely used by the community to evaluate their work, while putting computational cost – and in fine energy consumption – in the spotlight of deep learning research.

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