Disruptive change in the taxi business: The case of Uber

In most cities, the taxi industry is highly regulated and has restricted entry. Ride sharing services, such as Uber and Lyft, which use mobile internet technology to connect passengers and drivers, have begun to compete with traditional taxis. This paper examines the efficiency of ride sharing services vis-a-vis taxis. In most cities with data available, UberX drivers spend a significantly higher fraction of their time, and drive a substantially higher share of miles, with a passenger in their car than do taxi drivers. Reasons for this efficiency advantage are explored.

Cramer, Judd, and Alan B. Krueger. 2016. “Disruptive change in the taxi business: The case of Uber.” American Economic Review 106 (5): 177–82. https://doi.org/10.1257/aer.p20161002.

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