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Challenges and prospects of decarbonization of the economy in the age of AI

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Journal Article

Vorozheykina, Tatiana M. 2022. “Challenges and Prospects of Decarbonization of the Economy in the Age of AI.” Frontiers in Environmental Science 10 (September).

Decarbonization is on the agenda of most countries of the world (Lau, 2022; Luo et al., 2022; Mathur et al., 2022; Obrist et al., 2022; Zhao et al., 2022). The global GHG emission reduction agenda was launched in November 2021 at the UN (2022) Climate Change Conference in Glasgow (COP26). At this conference, environmental degradation and the importance of decarbonization were recognized by 120 world leaders (Adebayo, 2022a; Adebayo, 2022b; Adebayo et al., 2022). The problem is that, despite the significant progress made in decarbonizing the economy by individual countries, their results are contradictory (Doğan et al., 2022; Li et al., 2022; Nasir et al., 2022). On the one hand, the benefits of reducing the carbon footprint of the economy for the environment and quality of life are obvious (the tip of the iceberg) (Alam et al., 2022; Hamid et al., 2022a; Hamid et al., 2022b; Murshed et al., 2022; Murshed et al., 2021; Popkova, 2022).On the other hand, deep contradictions of decarbonization remain undisclosed, but gradually are coming to the surface (Ratner et al., 2022), since the existing technological structure does not allow for completely replacing natural energy resources with “green” analogues (Sisodia et al., 2020; Teichmann et al., 2020). A vivid manifestation of these contradictions is that the countries that are leaders in the field of decarbonization of the economy – the United States, Japan, the European Union and the United Kingdom – are experiencing energy cr...

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