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Can Bitcoin mining increase renewable electricity capacity?

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Journal Article

Bruno, August, Paige Weber, and Andrew J. Yates. 2023. “Can Bitcoin Mining Increase Renewable Electricity Capacity?” Resource and Energy Economics 74 (August): 101376. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.reseneeco.2023.101376.

Proponents of Bitcoin argue that demand for electricity from Bitcoin miners can lead to an increase in renewable electricity capacity. We rigorously evaluate this claim by estimating a Bitcoin electricity demand curve and include this demand curve in a long-run model of the Texas electricity market. We find that while Bitcoin mining can indeed increase renewable capacity, it also increases carbon emissions. When Bitcoin miners provide grid management services in the form of demand response, their emissions impact is largely mitigated.

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